-->

# Hangman Game in Python

The origins of Hangman are obscure meaning not discovered, but it seems to have arisen in Victorian times, ” says Tony Augarde, author of The Oxford Guide to Word Games.

This is a simple Hangman game using Python programming language. Beginners can use this as a small project to boost their programming skills and understanding logic.

1. The Hangman program randomly selects a secret word from a list of secret words. The random module will provide this ability, so line 1 in program imports it.
2. The Game: Here, a random word (a fruit name) is picked up from our collection and the player gets limited chances to win the game.
3. When a letter in that word is guessed correctly, that letter position in the word is made visible. In this way, all letters of the word are to be guessed before all the chances are over.
4. For convenience, we have given length of word + 2 chances. For example, word to be guessed is mango, then user gets 5 + 2 = 7 chances, as mango is a five letter word.

# Python Program to illustrate
# Hangman Game
import random
from collections import Counter

someWords = '''apple banana mango strawberry
orange grape pineapple apricot lemon coconut watermelon
cherry papaya berry peach lychee muskmelon'''

someWords = someWords.split(' ')
# randomly choose a secret word from our "someWords" LIST.
word = random.choice(someWords)

if __name__ == '__main__':
print('Guess the word! HINT: word is a name of a fruit')
for i in word:
# For printing the empty spaces for letters of the word
print('_', end = ' ')
print()

playing = True
# list for storing the letters guessed by the player
letterGuessed = ''
chances = len(word) + 2
correct = 0
flag = 0
try:
while (chances != 0) and flag == 0: #flag is updated when the word is correctly guessed
print()
chances -= 1

try:
guess = str(input('Enter a letter to guess: '))
except:
print('Enter only a letter!')
continue

# Validation of the guess
if not guess.isalpha():
print('Enter only a LETTER')
continue
elif len(guess) > 1:
print('Enter only a SINGLE letter')
continue
elif guess in letterGuessed:
print('You have already guessed that letter')
continue

# If letter is guessed correctly
if guess in word:
k = word.count(guess) #k stores the number of times the guessed letter occurs in the word
for _ in range(k):
letterGuessed += guess # The guess letter is added as many times as it occurs

# Print the word
for char in word:
if char in letterGuessed and (Counter(letterGuessed) != Counter(word)):
print(char, end = ' ')
correct += 1
# If user has guessed all the letters
elif (Counter(letterGuessed) == Counter(word)): # Once the correct word is guessed fully,
# the game ends, even if chances remain
print("The word is: ", end=' ')
print(word)
flag = 1
print('Congratulations, You won!')
break # To break out of the for loop
break # To break out of the while loop
else:
print('_', end = ' ')

# If user has used all of his chances
if chances <= 0 and (Counter(letterGuessed) != Counter(word)):
print()
print('You lost! Try again..')
print('The word was {}'.format(word))

except KeyboardInterrupt:
print()
print('Bye! Try again.')
exit()

NEXT ARTICLE Next Post
PREVIOUS ARTICLE Previous Post
NEXT ARTICLE Next Post
PREVIOUS ARTICLE Previous Post